AskDefine | Define catastrophe

Dictionary Definition

catastrophe

Noun

1 an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster" [syn: calamity, disaster, tragedy, cataclysm]
2 a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster" [syn: disaster]
3 a sudden violent change in the earth's surface [syn: cataclysm]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From the καταστροφή, derived from the verb καταστρέφω, "to overturn", from κατά "down" + στρέφω "turn".

Noun

  1. Any large and disastrous event of great significance.
  2. In the context of "insurance}} A disaster beyond expectations

Extensive Definition

Catastrophe, from the Greek Καταστροφή (katastrephein), literally means "to turn" (strephein) "downwards" (kata-). It may refer to:
Catastrophic may refer to:
catastrophe in Italian: Catastrofe
catastrophe in Japanese: カタストロフィー

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Z, accident, action, anagnorisis, angle, apodosis, architectonics, architecture, argument, atmosphere, background, bad luck, bitter end, bloodless revolution, blow, bouleversement, breakdown, breaking up, breakup, calamity, casualty, cataclysm, cave, cave-in, ceasing, cessation, characterization, clean slate, clean sweep, climax, coda, collapse, collision, color, completion, complication, computer revolution, conclusion, consummation, continuity, contretemps, contrivance, convulsion, counterrevolution, crack of doom, crack-up, crash, culmination, curtain, curtains, death, debacle, decease, denouement, design, destination, destiny, development, device, disaster, doom, effect, end, end point, end result, ending, envoi, epilogue, episode, eschatology, expiration, fable, failure, falling action, fate, fiasco, final result, final solution, final twitch, final words, finale, finality, finis, finish, gimmick, goal, grief, ill hap, incident, izzard, last, last act, last breath, last gasp, last things, last trumpet, last words, latter end, line, local color, misadventure, mischance, misfortune, mishap, mood, motif, movement, mythos, nasty blow, omega, overthrow, overturn, palace revolution, payoff, period, peripeteia, peroration, pileup, plan, plot, quietus, radical change, recognition, resolution, resting place, revolt, revolution, revolutionary war, revulsion, rising action, scheme, secondary plot, shipwreck, shock, slant, smash, smashup, spasm, staggering blow, stoppage, stopping place, story, striking alteration, structure, subject, subplot, subversion, swan song, sweeping change, switch, tabula rasa, technological revolution, term, terminal, termination, terminus, thematic development, theme, tone, topic, total change, total loss, tragedy, transilience, twist, upset, violent change, washout, windup, wrack, wreck
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